At last, the long-awaited Puzzle #3 winners! Thank you all for your terrific submissions, and your patience as we tested each one carefully. Congratulations to everyone who sent in the correct answers.
As always, we were tremendously impressed by the quality of the entries. We received a wide variety of creative, original submissions, including file carving tools, network-layer tools, HTTP, XML and Plist analysis tools, graphical tools, command-line tools, and more. It was very hard to narrow down a winner, and there were several production-quality tools which will now be covered in future SANS “Network Forensics” curriculum. Please check out all the Finalist submissions!
The winner is… Matt Sabourin, for his elegant tool, “findappletv.py“. Matt’s tool is simple to use. It parses a pcap and creates a report for each potential AppleTV client, containing “Search Terms Sent by Client,” “Movie Items Viewed by Client,” “Overview of Recognized Requests,” and more. It also creates an overview report for all clients. Each of these reports can easily be included in the appendix of a professional forensics report. We could definitely envision using this in a real forensics case to quickly summarize AppleTV usage information. Congratulations, Matt! Your AppleTV is on it’s way.
We’d also like to call attention to several other submissions (in no particular order):
Amar Yousif created two excellent tools: applejuice and gzippedNOT. Amar’s “gzippedNOT” parses gzipped content out of HTTP responses. This tool will be AWESOME for squid proxy analysis as well. “Applejuice” dumps out the list of search queries for each AppleTV IP address. “Applejuice” also wins the Best Name Award!
Richard Springs built two great tools: transmute.rb and scarabsieve.rb. Scarabsieve parses through any Webscarab-logged traffic, carves it all out, dumps it into a directory, and prints MD5 and SHA1 hashes for each carved file. This script alone is very useful for any WebScarab user. Richard also wrote “transmute.rb” to convert any pcap into the WebScarab log format so that scarabsieve can parse it. Wow! Nice work.
SÃ©bastien Damaye built a tool called “pyHttpXtract.py” to extract all the files in the packet capture and list out the search requests. This tool even goes a step above and automatically creates a graphical web interface which you can scroll through to view all the files. He also submitted a companion tool, webObjects.py, which pulls AppleTV searches out of the packet capture and prints them out. SÃ©bastien included a *fantastic* writeup which everybody should read. We were really impressed.
Franck GuÃ©nichot lived up to his reputation as network forensics hacker extraordinare with his excellent tool, “httpdumper.” This tool displays HTTP conversations, filters and dumps the contents (automatically decompressing gzipped content). Franck also submitted two handy tools, macfinder.rb, and plist.rb. Franck’s writeup is very thorough– definitely check it out for a great walk-through of the solutions.
Lou Arminio built a Plist parser to analyze Apple plist files, as well as an HTTP analyzer called “httpparse”. On top of that, he created a great tool called pcaputil which analyzes TCP flows and carves files out of selected TCP flows and creates MD5sums. These are three handy little tools. Nice work!
Michael_Nijs built upon an open-source pcap analysis tool, read_pcap.py, adding the option to parse GET and POST requests and display the values of any parameter in the URL. We appreciated that he leveraged existing code and built a useful extension.
Alan Tu wrote a script, http_analysis.pl, which leverages tshark’s powerful HTTP dissection capability, outputs handy information to a file, and can also produce filtered pcaps. Alan also wrote an HTTP response extractor, http_rx.pl, and polished his TCP stream analysis tool, stream.pl. Check them out!
Wesley McGrew wrote an excellent tool, “atvsnarf.py,” which carves out plist files and creates a CSV file with useful information about AppleTV traffic from a pcap. The tool is very easy to use, and a great foundation for detailed forensic analysis. His writeup is outstanding, too– read about how he identified six request types from the pcap file, and incorporated these into atvsnarf.py’s output.
These tools are great! Thank you all for making your work available to the community. We hope you’ll continue to maintain and extend your code.
Many thanks to everyone who participated. We hope to see you guys in future contests.